Prepositions are important as they act as the vital makers to the structure of a sentence. They are highly used in our day – to – day speaking and reading, whether it’s a novel, text book or a newspaper. In this article, we will study about prepositions in detail:
What is a Preposition?
The term preposition is formed of two terms, “pre” and “position” means, a place before. A Preposition denotes the relationship between the noun and other words included in a sentence. Prepositions help us understand time connections, order and positions.
Facts about prepositions:
There are some interesting facts about the prepositions. Let’s look at them one by one:
Kinds of prepositions according to their combination:
Prepositions are words that connect phrases, nouns and pronouns. So, let’s start learning about these kinds of prepositions.
1.Simple prepositions: Simple prepositions contain only two syllables. These kinds of preposition include:
By, out, at, for, through, in, off, of, to, up, till, with
2.Compound Prepositions: Compound prepositions are made by prefixing the preposition to an adjective, an adverb or a noun. Preposition examples for such kind of prepositions are:
Amidst, amongst, above, around, along, beneath, across, within, without, beyond, below, beside, between, outside
Compound preposition = Prefix + noun/adjective/adverb
3.Double Prepositions: When two prepositions are used together, they are known as double prepositions. This kind of preposition includes two separate words. For example –
Behind, up, from, within, according, to
Double Preposition = Formation of two simple prepositions
4.Participle Prepositions: When the verbs act as prepositions are known as particle prepositions. They usually end with ‘ed’ and ‘ing.’ For example:
Considering, including, frustrated, tired, quiet
5.Phrase Prepositions: A Phrase preposition comprises of a preposition, an object and the object’s modifier.
Phrase preposition = Preposition + Object + Modifier
Kinds of prepositions according to their functionality:
Prepositions are of various types. Want to know about them? Let’s have a look:
1.Prepositions of Time:
Prepositions of time symbolize the relationship of time between the nouns and other parts of a sentence. The most common preposition examples of time are:
On, at, in, from, for, since, to, before, ago, till/until, by
The common point in all the above examples is that they denote time in the sentence.
2.Prepositions of Place:
Prepositions of time symbolize relationship of place between the nouns and other parts of a sentence. The most common preposition examples of place are:
Over, under, below, above, behind, on, at, in, by, from, to, towards, up, down, across, between, among, through, in front of
The common point in all the above examples is that they denote place in the sentence.
3.Prepositions of Things:
Prepositions of things denote the casual relationship or acts as an agent between nouns and other parts of a sentence. The most common preposition examples of things are:
Of, for, by, about, with
The common point in all the above examples is that they denote things in the sentence.
4.Prepositions of Phrase or Phrase Prepositions:
A phrasal preposition is a simple preposition which is preceded by a word from another category like – adjective, conjunction or adverb. The most common preposition examples of phrase are:
Out of, with regard to, on top of, instead of, in regard to, in addition to, in reference to, in front of, by means of, because of, along with, apart from, along with, according to
Prepositions are used in a variety of ways. The best way to be familiar with them is to stay alert whenever you read a sentence. Read as much as possible and highlight prepositions with markers whenever you across with them.
One of the useful exercises to point out the preposition is describing the context in which they are used. The reader must be aware that in what reference – time, location, position or something else the preposition is used.